No New Findings in Atrazine Study Promoted by Discredited Researcher

Alex Avery, Director of Research and Education at the Hudson Institute’s Center for Global Food Issues, criticized new research by University of California Berkeley professor Dr. Tyrone Hayes alleging endocrine disruption in amphibians caused by the popular herbicide atrazine. Prior research by Dr. Hayes has come under scientific scrutiny and criticism by directors of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for lacking basic scientific standards and lack of transparency.

Avery pointed to comments by Anne E. Lindsay, former Deputy Director of EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs, testified in 2005 that Dr. Hayes’ ‘data are insufficient’ to support his claims. She further noted:

” . . .[EPA] has never seen either the results from any independent investigator published in peer-reviewed scientific journals or the raw data from Dr. Hayes’ additional experiments that confirm Dr. Hayes’ conclusions.”

The EPA’s independent Scientific Advisory Panel “believed strongly that all of the field studies reviewed had serious flaws that limit their usefulness…” and “these problems render interpretation of results problematic if not impossible.”

Lindsay’s testimony further invalidated any legitimacy of Hayes’ work, saying “all of the available information was scientifically flawed. None of [Hayes’] laboratory studies on atrazine were conducted in accordance with standard protocols.””

“Dr. Tyrone Hayes has spent more than a decade allied with eco-activists peddling scare stories due to alleged health effects from atrazine. Yet despite his decade-long search and after more than 50 years of widespread use of this herbicide by farmers to minimize soil erosion while combating weeds, Hayes can offer no compelling real-world evidence that atrazine poses any appreciable risk to amphibian populations anywhere,” Avery stated. “Aside from his own often-conflicting lab studies, other researchers have not seen the effects Hayes claims to have found. Replication is the gold-standard of science and Hayes’ work has failed this test miserably.”

“Finally, it should be noted that Dr. Hayes is an admitted anti-atrazine activist and has aligned himself closely with organizations including Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), organizations with a clear track record of campaigns against popular herbicides, large scale farm production and effective tools that have revolutionized agriculture today,” Avery concluded.

Alex Avery is an expert in agricultural policy from a global perspective, with reference to both economic and environmental impacts. He has followed extensively the benefits of atrazine and has provided testimony before the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on many occasions during its re-registration process.

Understanding the Importance of a Load Balancing Appliance

Being a vital part of a network, load balancing appliances leverage parallel multi-core processing in order to cost-effectively drive high-end performance across a high quality application acceleration. Load balancing solutions are essential to maintain a standard process of network performance. It allows a network to enhance its consistency and performance, with solutions that include both hardware and software balancing devices. It adds redundancy, intelligence and resilience to your network, and enables users to have access to applications and data that keep your business running.

Organizations of all sizes can secure, optimize and scale their network edge and perimeter by managing bandwidth and traffic with user and application visibility. With the consolidation of multiple WAN bandwidth management functions into an optimized management platform, many organizations can not only simplify their management of edge services, but can also increase performance and reliability for applications. There are renowned service providers that specialize in Application Delivery Networking, and they have come up with innovative load balancing appliances. In addition to that, you can even monitor the data center devices as well as IP data services. These service providers also offer solutions for application delivery controller and SSL VPN solutions. With a load balancing appliance, the application performance and the return on investment is enhanced, in small enterprises as well as large enterprises.

Although based on your network requirements and preferences you can always have your load balancing solution customized from the selected service provider. Some of the attributes of a load balancing appliance are as follows:

* A load balancing appliance has good application-fluent traffic management for the best delivery of business critical applications and IP services.

* Load balancing appliances have offloading of web application servers for better efficiency and capacity.

* The global and local server load balancing is done using multi-unit clustering for maximum application uptime and data center scalability.

* It has Reverse-proxy architecture with packet-inspection firewall for guarding applications without impacting performance.

* Application-specific certifications and configuration guides for rapid deployment of optimized configurations.

Load balancers can astutely analyze the wide area connections and accordingly allocate bandwidth, and enable seamless fail over for business-critical applications. Both load balancing appliances and load balancing software have the potential to handle more than one function. They provide benefits concerning certain network levels. Owing to the fact that two IT architectures are never same, it is essential to assess the performance of each network levels before selecting on a single solution.

Which Report Would You Make Use of Amongst SAS 70 or SSAE 16 or SOC

Exactly what has actually been understood as a “SAS 70 Report” has been refreshed by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) with new support of SSAE 16 for stating on service companies. This support changed SAS 70 for reports covering durations ending on or after June 15, 2011. The first intent of a SAS 70 report was to connect with auditors concerning financial statement assertions. Over time, SAS 70 morphed into an advertising tool; an “accreditation” for safety, availability, as well as other assertions unconnected to controls over economic reporting. As organizations have come to be progressively worried pertaining to risks further than economic reporting, a brand-new suite of studies was should meet the needs of these companies.

The AICPA’s response was to supply alternative answers for studies designed to supply individuals of third-party Services pleasure around those operational controls relevant to them: protection, refining integrity, availability, confidentiality as well as personal privacy. These Services are involved in the brand-new AICPA Service Organization Command (SOC) studies. Rather than having one report produced for monetary reporting, there currently are three variations of a Service Organization Control Report– SOC 1, SOC 2, and SOC 3 studies, each serving a distinct function:

SOC 1: Report on Controls at a Service Organization Relevant to User Entities’ Internal Control over Financial Reporting offers pleasure around financial reporting as well as transaction Services; practically, exactly what a SAS 70 was originally made to do. SOC 1 proposals are carried out in accordance with Statement on Standards for Attestation Engagements SSAE 16, Reporting on Controls at a Service Organization.

SOC 2: Report on Controls at a Service Organization Relevant to Safety, Accessibility, Processing Stability, Privacy and/or Personal privacy utilizes predefined requirements and deals with one or more of the five vital system characteristics of safety, accessibility, processing integrity, confidentiality, as well as privacy. SOC 2 involvements address controls at the company that connect to affairs and compliance.

SOC 3: SysTrust for Service Organizations Report utilizes the same attributes as the SOC 2 report. The SOC 3 report is a general-use report that delivers just the auditor’s report on whether the machine accomplished simple depend on Services requirements, overlooking the detailed system and screening descriptions. The SOC 3 report also allows the organization to utilize the SOC 3 seal on its site.

The new requirements transform the material of the report, as well as the reporting procedure for the Service Organization. The required modifications supply your company a chance to differentiate as well as to offer increased relevancy to your clients. Service companies are called for to supply a summary of the machine. This description is much more encompassing than the description of the commands required by a SAS 70. The new description supplies even more info connected to people, processes, and modern technology in location to achieve administration’s control objectives. The description additionally includes even more data on the courses of deals processed. Another change is the requirement that the organization supply a written assertion that is a fundamental part of the report. The assertion by management will definitely show its responsibility for the precision of the description of the machine as well as the assessment requirements for the basis of making the assertion.

When selecting a Service Company Command Report (a SOC report), consider your market. That is visiting use this report and for what objective? Does your crowd include auditors that must particulars about your controls as well as the exam results, or will a general-use report fulfill their requirements? As you transition from a SAS 70 report to a brand-new SOC report, you will even desire to consider your machine as well as the kinds of transactions you procedure. Answers to these inquiries will certainly aid guarantee you prep the SOC report which best fits your company.

Basic Information About Liquid Nitrogen and Liquid Nitrogen Dewar

Many people do not know much about nitrogen and liquid nitrogen, but most people must heard the breaking news of a young British girl loses her stomach after drinking liquid nitrogen cocktails. Liquid nitrogen used to be only limited in labs and industry fields, but today it got more and popular with some food and recipe applications. Young people love to try fresh things and liquid nitrogen cocktails are welcomed in wine bars. However, directly drinking or touch liquid nitrogen can be harmful to your healthy as since it is dangerously cold. Some people even insists that there should be a law to ban liquid nitrogen cocktails. This suggestion may be not advisable, but we must know something about it before we deal with it, in case of any body damages.

Nitrogen makes up about 78.03% of the air we breath on earth and is often used as an inert gas because of its nonreactive nature with many materials. While liquid nitrogen or LN is pure N2 that has been cooled to the point that it changes from a gas to a liquid. LN is extremely cold – the element turns into a gas at temperatures above -321 degrees Fahrenheit – and has a variety of medical and culinary uses due to its ability to flash-freeze almost anything. One thing we must bear in mind is that LN does not have any health risks or dangers if it is properly handled. We need to know how to handle LN and how to storage it if we are going to do things related to liquid nitrogen.

Due to the special low temperature property, LN is usually stored in a specially made container called cryogenic container or liquid nitrogen Dewar Unlike other gas storage cylinders, LN Dewar seldom have any pressure, since liquid nitrogen is always freezing cold. Such cryogenic Dewars usually are of 3-50 Liters, very convenient to carry from place to place, and there also exist some great volume LN Dewars for lab and industry use. The price for LN Dewar ranges from $300 to thousands of dollars with different volumes. So how to select a reasonable cryogenic container? Here is a general rule that the bigger and better insulated your lcryogenic container, the longer you can store them. Large Dewars for more than 50L capacity of LN Dewar are more efficient in LN storage, but the defect is that they are often too expensive,and they are mostly used in labs and industries. Smaller Dewars are much more convenient to transport and much cheaper, but larger Dewars are more efficient in storage and economical in long-term use.

Circulating Tumor Cells Technologies With Promising Significance

Circulating Tumor Cells can be found in the blood of patients with primary tumor. These cells are extraordinarily rare and their detection presents a major challenge. But collaboration between bioengineers, molecular biologists and clinicians, many technologies have been developed which can detect CTCs. There are many ongoing research on this which are facilitated by the reports generated earlier. Because of the circulating tumor cells clinical significance, there has been a lot of stress on developing methods that can allow detailed studies across multiple types of cancer and its detection.

Detailed study on CTC technologies shows that this field of biotechnology can offer unique opportunities for the detection of tumor cells in patients with early stage cancer. It also confirms the ability to genetically characterize tumor cells without needing an invasive biopsy, and determine responsiveness to the new generation targeted cancer drugs. Some of the latest reports even discuss the ability of CTC technology to offer the opportunity to study “cancer stem cells” or “metastasis precursors” which were thought to be at the origin of cancer spread via the bloodstream, to define their molecular vulnerabilities and help design new therapies to prevent cancer metastasis.

Clinical research on circulating tumor cells technologies can be considered to be in its early stages and it has a long way to go. This field of research work is getting mass support from private and government organizations and reaching new heights every day. Its remarkable significance in pharmaceutical industry is encouraging many investors and business person to invest in its R&D for discovery of some technologies that really bring some highly effective difference in the process of cancer detection. Hope of a number of cancer institutions and future of cancer patients depend on the development of CTC technologies. The next generation of clinical trials is waiting to be designed based on the upcoming reports.

RI Technologies develops reports on circulating tumor cells technologies which can prove to be a great aid for future R&D. It provides a complete market insight into technologies and services used for cancer detection and serves as a guide to CTC industry. Profiles of more than 150 companies are discussed who are engaged in CTC studies, screening, products or services. Clients can get information related to recent product releases, development, partnerships, collaborations, and mergers and plan their business strategies for smooth market entry. A complete report on future of CTC industry, its estimations and predictions are presented which are relevant to client’s requirements. For more information ask for some sample pages. Visit

Online Computer Security Threats And Solutions

Over the years, we have grown dependent on the use of computers and related devices to conduct our daily work. It would be rare to find a thriving workplace that does not have a computer-based operation. Computers are also used heavily at home for education, work, and entertainment. People use, store, and share confidential information on their computers or on a network of computers.

The vulnerability of the data makes it essential for computer users to seek a variety of security solutions, which help them feel secure from the attack of potential hackers and third party sources. Security breaches can lead to data or financial loss for both businesses and individuals. Someone can easily access your bank or credit card details and make purchases or payments without your permission.

Without online computer security, your system will be vulnerable to virus, Trojan, worm, malware, and adware attacks. Other type of online computer security threats that you need to guard yourself against include auction fraud, spam e-mail frauds, and identity threats. The statistics related to cyber crime are startling. Studies reveal that about sixty-six percent of the cyber criminals reside in the US. But a significant number of cyber criminals also operate from Canada, China, Nigeria, South Africa, and the United Kingdom.

Internet users often end up downloading and installing dangerous viruses and malware on their system, when they visit malicious websites. This can be potentially harmful for your system. The viruses and malware can not only cause your system to malfunction, but also compromise confidential data. To protect your machine from these types of mishaps, you need to install antivirus software on your system.

Sometimes, you may find it difficult to identify online computer security threats and protect your system from potential dangers. Due to time and cost constraints, it may not be possible for you to avail local support. That is exactly when you can opt for remote technical support from companies such as iYogi. The companies provide all kinds of assistance to protect your system from online computer security threats.

iYogi charges a small fee to resolve your issues on a single incident or annual subscription basis. You need to provide remote access of your system to the iYogi technician, and your problems can be resolved within minutes. The 24×7 support service of such companies ensure that efficient and timely help for online computer security threats is just a call or chat away.

Attributes Of Genealogy And Executing Genealogy Searches

Genealogy is the approach of exploring information and facts about your ancestors in order to aid you to generate your family tree. Apart from the satisfaction and interest men and women extract from this activity, it also grants a perception of perspective in subjects like history and geography.

People today may make use of family history and genealogy to look at their family trees, or simply to discover a particular individual in a family’s past and connect them to some other men and women of that family. Keep in mind there are family history and genealogy software bundles readily available, all with unique elements to them.

The expense associated with hereditary family history and genealogy screening continues to move down, along with the quantity of individuals getting examined continues to increase. A great deal of laboratories are now focusing on this and also the price for individual assessments is continuously going down. A genealogical DNA examination compares a couple of persons in order to discover the possibility that they are, or are not, related to each other.

Inferential Genealogy is how family members historians can accurately deduce the identities of your ancestors and a lot of features of their lives by digging beneath “surface information” in genealogical data and combining info from a number of resources.

Genealogy and family history helps fulfill a deep motivation to understand exactly how all of us fit into the modern world. Genealogy is a science (even though some might claim it truly is more of an art) which is definitely accessible to absolutely everyone, no matter what their particular means tend to be or precisely how seasoned in the field they tend to be.

Family history would seem to be of interest to a wide variety of age ranges with middle age people being typically the most interested, which happens to be when the vast majority of men and women commence their particular genealogical study.

Genealogy and family background research is well-liked around the globe. As an illustration, the French approach family heritage with a passion, which you’ll quickly find obvious as you begin to familiarize yourself with the numerous accessible genealogy initiatives and sources for this region.

The inclination to consider genealogy is motivated by several feelings including the want to retain family history. These days, there are a lot of good reasons to study your genealogy and develop it as a full family record.

There are various places for genealogy information and facts for example Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter and Roots Television, which is a assortment of online videos relevant to genealogy and family history.

The National Archives of the United States is a wonderful place to start. France has archives associated with scanned civil, parish, and census details which can be viewed on the web. Swedish church documents can also be found online from the Swedish National Archives.

One way to commence making your family members tree is to speak to your state’s historical or genealogical society. They usually have a lot of information and facts to help you in your journey. There are also good genealogy message boards and genealogy search web-sites on the online that will enable you to narrow down your research even more with the guidance of genealogy database searches and the help of other genealogists.

Research Report on China's Antithrombotic Drug Market, 2013-2017

(CRI-report) -Thrombosis refers to the formation of local blood clots. Among it, artery thrombosis can cause myocardial infarction, stroke, acute coronary syndrome, peripheral arterial diseases, etc.; venous thrombosis can cause pulmonary embolism. Arteriovenous thrombosis is the primary reason for incidence and death of cardiovascular diseases, which is also one of the important causes for death of cancer patients.

Nowadays, cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases (stroke and myocardial infarction) are severely threatening the life and health of the elderly worldwide. Cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases are called as the No.1 killer of the life and health of human beings currently. Cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases are characterized by high incidence rate, mortality rate and disability rate as well as suddenness. Since the reform and opening up, because of the continuous improvement in people’s living standards as well as the rise in aging trend, the incidence rate of cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases continuously rises in China. According to statistics, the proportion of people dying from cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases already exceeds 70% in the dead aged above 60 in China’s large cities. At present, the morbidity and mortality rates of cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases in China are higher than that in some developed countries. In addition, patients tend to be increasingly young.

It is reported that at present, over 7 million patients suffer from acute cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases (stroke and myocardial infarction) in China annually. Among them, nearly half of the patients die; in survival patients, nearly two-thirds of them are maimed or completely lose self-care ability of daily living. Cardiac-cerebral thrombotic diseases cause not only pain to patients but also huge economic burdens to their families.

Antithrombotic drugs are used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic diseases, with the emphasis on prevention. Clinically, they are mainly used for the treatment and prevention of acute myocardial infarction and stroke embolism, which can reduce rates of re-infarction and mortality; they can be used for the prevention of heart valve replacement surgery postoperative thrombosis and the treatment of occlusive peripheral vascular diseases, intermittent claudication, unstable angina pectoris, etc. At present, the fast-growing indication is the prevention of deep vein thrombosis after orthopedic surgeries (such as knee and hip replacement surgeries as well as abdominal surgery).

Antithrombotic drugs are divided into anticoagulants, anti-platelet aggregation drugs and thrombolytic drugs. The overall market size of China’s antithrombotic drugs is small, but it rapidly grows in recent years. The market growth rate was consecutively over 20% from 2006 to 2012. The market size of hospital-use antithrombotic drugs reaches CNY 9.92 billion in 2012, with an increase of 21.9% YOY.

As the population further aging in China, on one hand, the incidence rate of vascular embolic diseases rises year by year; on the other hand, surgeries such as the interventional treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular rapidly develop. The synchronous follow-up of anti-freezing, anti-platelet and lowering the blood lipid treatment after the stent surgery, promotes the capacity expansion of China’s antithrombotic drug market. The market size of China’s hospital-use antithrombotic drugs is expected to be over CNY 20 billion in 2017.

Hawa Valves Starts Development of The New Plant in Hubli

Engineers from all over the world keep on doing their research to ensure that they invent new ways to advance technology and make work easier. This is the main reason why industrial apparatus like ball valves and sanitary valves are always being modified and made to be more effective.

A ball valve, one type of quarter turn valve, is quite literally a ball placed in a passageway through which fluid flows. The ball has a hole through it, by which the valve opens and closes. When the ball is positioned so that the hole runs the same direction as the passageway, the fluid simply flows through the hole, and the valve is open. However, when the ball is positioned so that the hole is perpendicular to the passageway, the fluid cannot pass through, and the valve is closed.

A ball valve is usually a kind of disc used in most industries to link up and strengthen joints where they are made to withstand extreme pressures and high temperatures. They are made to withstand temperatures as high as above 200 degrees centigrade without bending or melting. Different manufacturers all over the world make ball valves and each is suited for a particular purpose. They vary in sizes and this means that some valves may be used for bigger industrial applications, while others are good for ordinary industrial use.

All companies that make valves do so by using metal, plastic, or even ceramics to make them. Nevertheless, good valves should be simple and easy to use. They should also be durable, and where possible easy to replace in case they get some technical malfunctioning. A good ball valve should offer the most resistance between the disc and the sleeve regardless of whether the liquids or gases inside the tubes are extremely compressed.

There are three different types of ball valve. A full port ball valve offers no flow restriction, which means that when the ball valve is open, the liquid can flow freely through it. This is achieved by making the ball larger than the passage size, so that the hole bored through it can be the same size as the passage. A standard port ball valve does not have an oversized ball, and as a result the hole is one size smaller than the passageway.

India is among the emerging industrial apparatus-manufacturing giants, and a ball valve India is an example of how technology here is advancing. Ball valves India are used in industries such as food industries, beverage-making industries and even in other complex industries like nuclear and atomic industries. The advantage of ball valves India is that they are cheap, and are always tested rigorously before being sold to industries to ensure that they can perform effectively.

Conducting Research Through Cognitive Laboratories

Johnson and Duran encouraged use of cognitive laboratories as a means for determining whether lack of access skills impede measurement of target skills. With cognitive laboratories, students work one-on-one with an administrator and answer test questions by thinking out loud. The administrator observes and records the thought process students use in arriving at their answers.

Cognitive labs would allow researchers to compare how students with various disabilities react to the questions under different accommodations and to do further study into what constituted appropriate accommodations. Further Research on the Performance of English-Language Learners Duran commented that better understanding of the achievement of English-language learners depends on improvements in access to appropriate assessment accommodations for these students. He called for additional work to develop ways to evaluate the English proficiency of nonnative English speakers. This is a particularly urgent issue in light of the recently passed legislation. He also encouraged researchers to examine the relationships between performance of achievement tests and relevant background variables, such as length of residence in the U.S., years of exposure to instruction in English, English-language proficiency levels, the characteristics of school curriculum, availability of first and second language resources, and other factors that interact to create different patterns of performance on assessments.

Malouf raised questions about what rate of participation should be expected with NAEP The presentations and his own examination ofNAEP publications indicate that inclusion rates rarely climb much above 70 percent of the students with disabilities and are usually lower. He wondered what the basis might be for judging whether this rate of inclusion was high enough, asking “Should our expectations be based on technical limits, or should they be based on other considerations?” iMaloufcalled for reconsideration of what it means to “rake part meaningfully” in the nation’seducational system, and he urged NAEP’s sponsors to determine ways that all students can participate.

The discussants revisited the issue of providing disaggregated results. Goertz reminded participants that states are required to report these comparisons on their state tests. NAEP’s sponsors have yet to specify their plans for using data from the national or state NAEP programs to report on the performance of students with disabilities compared to that of nondisabled students and the performance of English-language learners compared to that of native speakers. Johnson maintained that it is inevitable that there will be strong pressure on NAEP to report disaggregated results for students with disabilities and for English-language learners. For this part, learning a foreign language needs a leaning tools, many children choose Rosetta Stone Polish and Rosetta Stone Portuguese to learn Polish and Portuguese. Although at this time sample sizes are not large enough to allow reliable reporting at the disaggregated level, NAEP’s future plans for combining state and national samples may produce large enough samples to allow for disaggregation of various groups of students with disabilities. Johnson foresees that when this happens, NAEP will not be able to withstand the pressure to report disaggregated results.

Additional Research Is Needed Malouf also recommended the effects of accommodations that additional research be conducted on on NAEP scores. (item response theory) and DIF (differential item He finds that the IRT i functioning) analyses discussed by Mazzeo are broad in Focus and treat accommodations as single factor, sometimes even combining students with disabilities and English-language learners into a single population. Malouf suggested that NAEP researchers find ways to increase sample sizes to allow study of the effects of specific accommodations and to conduct more fine-grained analyses of accommodations and NAEP.